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18 December 2018 The on-line newspaper devoted to the world of transports 23:13 GMT+1

December 1, 2017

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It is necessary to improve the operativity of the railway service and infrastructures in order to return more express the passage of the freight trains on the border Italian-Swiss

It evidences a study specifying that only in least cases the delays can be chargeed to the customs operations

Obstacles and limitations at the level of railway exercise and of customs procedures, as well as in the infrastructure of the border stations, prejudice regulating railway traffic goods through the border between Switzerland and Italy. It evidences a study commissioned from the Helvetic federal office of transports UFT and from the Helvetic federal administration of customs AFD with the scope to characterize the problems that slow down and hamper the transboundary transport goods on track on the transalpine axis.

The main measures proposed in the entitled relationship "Simplification of the customs procedures and the management of the transboundary traffic", that it is adopted today by the Swiss federal Council and that is based on a study elaborated in collaboration with the Italian authorities, regard the elimination of controls physicists of trains or single wagons (control by means of check-list, installation of video cameras), the simplification of the customs operations (complete passage to the documentation electronic, guarantee of the quality of documents for the customs declaration, control precedence of documents) and the improvement of the infrastructure and its I use (planning of the timetables, adaptations to Uproar, railroads politensione to I tame II).

Specifying that already before the publication of the study various operating they had recognized the possibility to improve the situation and had adopted measures which the abolition of the controls physicists by means of check-list for the trains in transit directed towards Italy and the installation of television cameras of surveillance in the bundle of railroads U to Uproar shunting, the study has proposed in particular the adoption of ulterior measures in order to improve the customs operations from Italian part to Uproar. The precise document that in October 2016 Agency of Customs and the Monopolies had decided and put in existence a part of these measures, most effective of which it is the transmission electronic to the Italian customs authority of the relative data to the train before this arrives in station. The paper version of documents, therefore, does not have more being examined and authorized to the door: now such procedure happens previously, in way such that the customs inspection already is concluded before the arrival of the train in station. Therefore about 90% of the trains they can continue their travel without pauses due to customs formalities. The study finds that for the future the total would be favorable abolition of such documents analogous to how much it happens for the passes of border with other adjacent Countries.

The study observes moreover that, in consideration of the great carried out investments, the importance of the European corridors for the traffic goods and of the previewed increase of the traffic, it is necessary to adopt ulterior measures for the simplification of the crosswalks of the border, that they must happen in way how much more possible simple and fast one allowing at the same time the development of the necessary controls. The study emphasizes that usually the single improvement of the customs procedures very rarely succeeds to guarantee a reduction of the dwell times, since in least cases the delays only can be chargeed to the customs operations, while they have had above all to reasons of operating or infrastructural order. For example, the timetables for the Rotterdam-Genoa corridor preview in some cases high times of reserve to the frontiers in order to guarantee the stability of the timetable. Also the frequent delays of the circulating trains along the corridors influence negatively on the times of passage of the border.

The document evidences that the reduction and the simplification of the passages of the border have meaningful effects on the productivity of the transalpine traffic goods on track and contribute in essential way to politics of modal transfer of the Confederation.

Today, moreover, the Helvetic federal Council has adopted the last relationship on the transfer of the transalpine traffic goods from the road to the track, than specific as the measures assumed to such scope have turned out effective: by July the 2015 in June 2017 number of the transits of truck and articulated trucks through the Alps is diminished ulteriorly (- 5.6%) while the railway traffic goods is increased of +18.8% and to end 2016 its market share was pairs to the level record of 71%, with an increase of 2,8 points percentages. In the period the number of the transits of truck and articulated trucks through the Alps is come down to 975 000 per year.

The last relationship remembers that however, as already announced in the relationship precedence, it will not be possible to reach the objective of transfer of 650.000 annual transits through the Alps within 2018. To such purpose the federal Council has proposed to maintain such objective and to attend the next data to the increases of generated abilities and productivity from the completion of Alptransit, the widening of the relative drafts of access and from the realization of the corridor of four meters.

In the relationship a first analysis of the interruption is introduced also, duration seven weeks, of the railway draft of the valley Rhenish in August and september 2017 for the yielding of the line. In this period the transalpine traffic goods on track has achieved turned out better than been worried at first, succeeding to maintain about two third party of the normal volume of transport. The road has recorded not more than thousand transits additional weeklies magazine of articulated trucks and trucks through the Swiss Alps, so finding only a small part of the which suppressed rail shipments. The majority in fact is absorbed by the industries through the management of the warehouses.

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