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11 August 2020 The on-line newspaper devoted to the world of transports 19:01 GMT+2

June 5, 2019

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A study of Transport & Environment denunciation that the cruise ships emit more SOX, but a lot more, regarding the cars

Elevated also the nox emissions

In the 2017 47 cruise ships that the group American Carnival Corporation has employed in Europe, market of which the American group it stops the leadership, has produced nitrogen oxide emissions in European Exclusive Economic Zones (ZEE) advanced of ten times regarding those produced from beyond the 260 million one private automobiles that in the year are circulated on the European roads. It emphasizes a new study on the emissions of the cruise ships in Europe that is realized by the organization not governmental Transport & Environment (T&E) and that specific as in the same year the ships used in Europe from the main second operating crocieristico of the market, American Royal Caribbean Cruises, have produced to sulfureous emissions pairs to four times those generated by the cars.

The relationship evidences that the emissions of SOX form generate sulfates that contribute to increase the human health hazards and that they contribute also to the acidification of terrestrial and aquatic atmospheres.

This pollution type interests in greater measure the nations of the Mediterranean as interested from more consisting tourist flows, but also - the report specifies - because these nations have less rigorous standards on the sulfur tenor in marine fuel. In particular, it explains the relationship, in absolute terms Spain, Italy and Greece, continuations carefully from France and Norway, are the exposed European Countries more to the produced atmospheric pollution from the cruise ships and Barcelona, Palm of Majorca and Venice are the European harbour cities more hit by this phenomenon, continuations from Civitavecchia and Southampton.

The study examines also the nox emissions produced from the cruise ships in Europe emphasizing that they represent about 15% of the total of the nitrogen oxide emissions generated in a year from all the private cars in Europe. The document takes the city of Marseilles for example where in the 2017 57 cruise ships are landed that have produced NOX pairs to that generated from a quarter of 340 thousand private cars of the city, while along the coasts of other nations as Norway, Denmark, Greece, Croatia and Malta little cruise ships is responsible for quantitative of advanced nitrogen oxide emissions to those generated from the entire fleets of car of the resorts in which they land.

"The luxurious cruise ships - Faig Abbasov has commented, in charge of T&E for the policies for the shipping - are floating city fed by some of the dirtier fuel in circulation. The cities are with justice prohibiting the polluting diesel cars, but they give the green light to crocieristiche companies that emit smoke toxics that provoke incalculable damages are to which they are on board of the ships that to those who they are on the coast".

The study formula also some recommendations. In the first place Europe would have as soon as possible to implement standard for ports to emissions zero, not limited to the cruise ships but which extended also to other types of ships. Moreover the areas for the control of emissions (ECA), than currently are limited to the Sea of the North, to the Baltic Sea and to the English Channel, they would have to be widened to the remainder of the European seas. The relationship recommends also to establish norms for the nox emissions of the ships in service, than currently they do not have to submit to standard for this type of emissions in the control areas of the emissions.

Abbasov has asserted that nowadays "there are sufficient technologies already consolidated that they allow to clean up the cruise ships. The electricity supplied from earth - it has specified - can contribute to reduce the emissions generated in the ports, the batteries constitute a solution for the distances more breviums and the technologies of the hydrogen can feed also the greatest cruise ships". With regard to the supply of electric power from the net of earth to the ships moored in the ports, the relationship - to the aim to on board create parity of conditions between this type of energy and used fossil fuel of the ships - recommends the European Union to exempt for a transient period the electricity supplied in dock from the taxation on the electricity, or to impose a tax on board equivalent to that of used fossil fuel.

Abbasov has concluded launch a decided accusation in confronts of the crocieristica industry: "it seems - it has supported - the field of the cruises is not disposed to complete a change voluntarily, therefore - it has exhorted Abbasov - we need that the governments take part and impose standard to emissions zero".

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