testata inforMARE

20 ottobre 2020 Il quotidiano on-line per gli operatori e gli utenti del trasporto 02:21 GMT+2

2. Port Stage, Transport Networks and Internal Terminals

The above scenario has meant the development and gradual reinforcement of three needs on the part of the ship and shipowners:

  1. to control by acquiring, and to manage as directly as possible, the port stage in the intermodal transport chain;
  2. to integrate with road transport and establish agreements with railway transport in order to ensure a rapid rate of inflow and outflow of cargoes;
  3. to establish inland terminals: inland goods depots, collecting and clearing stations, interports to decentralize port operations.

This leads intermodal transport to create a network with inland transport and terminals, even considerable distances from the sea. At the same time and via the same process, strategic "inroads" are made in relation to the promotion and acquisition of hinterland traffic.

In this way the investment requirements grow further, the (fixed) costs of the organization become more and more considerable and the economies of scale of both the means used and the organizational system increase in magnitude. In the meantime, the shipowners - particularly those in container transport - tend increasingly to offer transport "(inland) junction to (inland) junction", if not "door-to-door", with associated unified responsibility and all-in tariffs.


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Dipartimento di Economia - Sezione Trasporti

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